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Home Stalking Laws

Oklahoma Stalking Laws

This page lists the most applicable state crimes addressing stalking. However, depending on the facts of the case, a stalker might also be charged with other crimes, such as trespassing, intimidation of a witness, breaking and entering, etc. Check your state code or consult with your local prosecutor about other charges that might apply in a particular case.

 

Stalking

Related Offenses

Analyzing Stalking Laws

 

Stalking*

Legislative Updates for April - June 2010

 

Oklahoma
HB 2827 amends the protection order law to include victims stalking, domestic violence, or harassment and allow victims to petitiion for emergency temporary protection orders from a peace officer when courts are closed and:

  • Eliminates the specific intent requirement;

  • Amends the requirement of fear to be that a victim would have to feel frightened, intimidated, threatened, harassed or molested by a person's behavior;

  • Expands prohibited behaviors under "unconsented contact or course of conduct" to include appearing at the victim's workplace, communications by telephone or e-mail, and the delivering to or placing objects on property owned, leased or occupied by the victim;

  • Adds animals to the list of parties that can be listed on a protective order.
    Effective November 1, 2010.


21 Okl. St. § 1173. Stalking-Penalties. (2000)

  1. Any person who willfully, maliciously, and repeatedly follows or harasses another person in a manner that:

    1. Would cause a reasonable person or a member of the immediate family of that person as defined in subsection F of this section to feel frightened, intimidated, threatened, harassed, or molested; and

    2. Actually causes the person being followed or harassed to feel terrorized, frightened, intimidated, threatened, harassed, or molested,

upon conviction, shall be guilty of the crime of stalking, which is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one (1) year or by a fine of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($ 1,000.00), or by both such fine and imprisonment.

  1. Any person who violates the provisions of subsection A of this section when:

1. There is a permanent or temporary restraining order, a protective order, an emergency ex parte protective order, or an injunction in effect prohibiting the behavior described in subsection A of this section against the same party, when the person violating the provisions of subsection A of this section has actual notice of the issuance of such order or injunction; or

2. Said person is on probation or parole, a condition of which prohibits the behavior described in subsection A of this section against the same party or under the conditions of a community or alternative punishment; or

3. Said person, within ten (10) years preceding the violation of subsection A of this section, completed the execution of sentence for a conviction of a crime involving the use or threat of violence against the same party, or against any member of the immediate family of such party,

upon conviction, shall be guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment in the State Penitentiary for a term not exceeding five (5) years or by a fine of not more than Two Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($ 2,500.00), or by both such fine and imprisonment.

  1. Any person who commits a second act of stalking within ten (10) years of the completion of sentence for a prior conviction under subsection A of this section, upon conviction thereof, shall be guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment in the State Penitentiary for a term not exceeding five (5) years, or by a fine of not more than Two Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($ 2,500.00), or by both such fine and imprisonment.

  2. Any person who commits an act of stalking within ten (10) years of the completion of execution of sentence for a prior conviction under subsection B or C of this section, shall, upon conviction thereof, be guilty of a felony punishable by a fine of not less than Two Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($ 2,500.00) nor more than Ten Thousand Dollars ($ 10,000.00), or by imprisonment in the State Penitentiary for a term not exceeding ten (10) years, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

  3. Evidence that the defendant continued to engage in a course of conduct involving repeated unconsented contact, as defined in subsection F of this section, with the victim after having been requested by the victim to discontinue the same or any other form of unconsented contact, and to refrain from any further unconsented contact with the victim, shall give rise to a rebuttable presumption that the continuation of the course of conduct caused the victim to feel terrorized, frightened, intimidated, threatened, harassed, or molested.

  4. For purposes of this section:

1. "Harasses" means a pattern or course of conduct directed toward another individual that includes, but is not limited to, repeated or continuing unconsented contact, that would cause a reasonable person to suffer emotional distress, and that actually causes emotional distress to the victim. Harassment shall include harassing or obscene phone calls as prohibited by Section 1172 of this title and conduct prohibited by Section 850 of this title. Harassment does not include constitutionally protected activity or conduct that serves a legitimate purpose;

2. "Course of conduct" means a pattern of conduct composed of a series of two (2) or more separate acts over a period of time, however short, evidencing a continuity of purpose. Constitutionally protected activity is not included within the meaning of "course of conduct";

3. "Emotional distress" means significant mental suffering or distress that may, but does not necessarily require, medical or other professional treatment or counseling;

4. "Unconsented contact" means any contact with another individual that is initiated or continued without the consent of the individual, or in disregard of that individual's expressed desire that the contact be avoided or discontinued. Constitutionally protected activity is not included within the meaning of unconsented contact. Unconsented contact includes but is not limited to any of the following:

1. following or appearing within the sight of that individual,

2. approaching or confronting that individual in a public place or on private property,

3. appearing at the workplace or residence of that individual,

4. entering onto or remaining on property owned, leased, or
occupied by that individual,

5. contacting that individual by telephone,

6. sending mail or electronic communications to that individual, and

7. placing an object on, or delivering an object to, property
owned, leased, or occupied by that individual; and

5. "Member of the immediate family", for the purposes of this section, means any spouse, parent, child, person related within the third degree of consanguinity or affinity or any other person who regularly resides in the household or who regularly resided in the household within the prior six (6) months.


Related Offenses

21 Okl. St. § 1171. Peeping Tom--Use of photographic, electronic or video equipment--Offenses and punishment-Definition. (2008)

A. Every person who hides, waits or otherwise loiters in the vicinity of any private dwelling house, apartment building, any other place of residence, or in the vicinity of any locker room, dressing room, restroom or any other place where a person has a right to a reasonable expectation of privacy, with the unlawful and willful intent to watch, gaze, or look upon any person in a clandestine manner, shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a misdemeanor. The violator shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for a term of not more than one (1) year, or by a fine not to exceed Five Thousand Dollars ($ 5,000.00), or by both such fine and imprisonment.

B. Every person who uses photographic, electronic or video equipment in a clandestine manner for any illegal, illegitimate, prurient, lewd or lascivious purpose with the unlawful and willful intent to view, watch, gaze or look upon any person without the knowledge and consent of such person when the person viewed is in a place where there is a right to a reasonable expectation of privacy, or who publishes or distributes any image obtained from such act, shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a felony. The violator shall be punished by imprisonment in the custody of the Department of Corrections for a term of not more than five (5) years, or by a fine not exceeding Five Thousand Dollars ($ 5,000.00), or by both such fine and imprisonment.

C. Every person who uses photographic, electronic or video equipment in a clandestine manner for any illegal, illegitimate, prurient, lewd or lascivious purpose with the unlawful and willful intent to view, watch, gaze or look upon any person and capture an image of a private area of a person without the knowledge and consent of such person and knowingly does so under circumstances in which a reasonable person would believe that the private area of the person would not be visible to the public, regardless of whether the person is in a public or private place shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a misdemeanor. The violator shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for a term of not more than one (1) year, or by a fine not exceeding Five Thousand Dollars ($ 5,000.00), or by both such fine and imprisonment.

D. As used in this section, the phrase "private area of the person" means the naked or undergarment-clad genitals, pubic area, buttocks, or any portion of the areola of the female breast of that individual.


21 Okl. St. § 1172. Obscene, threatening or harassing telecommunication or other electronic communications-Penalty.  (2005)

  1. It shall be unlawful for a person who, by means of a telecommunication or other electronic communication device, willfully either:

1. Makes any comment, request, suggestion, or proposal which is obscene, lewd, lascivious, filthy, or indecent;

2. Makes a telecommunication or other electronic communication with intent to terrify, intimidate or harass, or threaten to inflict injury or physical harm to any person or property of that person;

3. Makes a telecommunication or other electronic communication, whether or not conversation ensues, with intent to put the party called in fear of physical harm or death;

4. Makes a telecommunication or other electronic communication, whether or not conversation ensues, without disclosing the identity of the person making the call or communication and with intent to annoy, abuse, threaten, or harass any person at the called number;

5. Knowingly permits any telecommunication or other electronic communication under the control of the person to be used for any purpose prohibited by this section; and

6. In conspiracy or concerted action with other persons, makes repeated calls or electronic communications or simultaneous calls or electronic communications solely to harass any person at the called number(s).

  1. As used in this section, "telecommunication" and "electronic communication" mean any type of telephonic, electronic or radio communications, or transmission of signs, signals, data, writings, images and sounds or intelligence of any nature by telephone, including cellular telephones, wire, cable, radio, electromagnetic, photoelectronic or photo-optical system or the creation, display, management, storage, processing, transmission or distribution of images, text, voice, video or data by wire, cable or wireless means, including the Internet. The term includes:

    1. A communication initiated by electronic mail, instant message, network call, or facsimile machine; and

    2. A communication made to a pager.

  2. Use of a telephone or other electronic communications facility under this section shall include all use made of such a facility between the points of origin and reception. Any offense under this section is a continuing offense and shall be deemed to have been committed at either the place of origin or the place of reception.

  3. Except as provided in subsection E of this section, any person who is convicted of the provisions of subsection A of this section, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

  4. Any person who is convicted of a second offense under this section shall be guilty of a felony.

See laws for other states on the Stalking Resource Center Website

 

http://www.ncvc.org/src/main.aspx?dbID=DB_Register204


 

Native Language Vocabulary

Lenape

 

Nuwi.
(You) come here.

 

Alapsi!
(You) hurry!

 

Kelamahpi!
(You) behave!

Stalked

He is invisible,
evident
only in the effects he leaves behind
like a virus
or a mysterious malady.
No one believes he lurks outside my house,
reaches his tentacles into my phone lines,
crawls into my mailbox,
shoplifts my past,
muddies the waters of my future.
My brain struggles to create a strategy for survival.
My heart has established a rapid, persistent drumbeat
that my body can barely contain.
In bed I feel the air disturbed above my face
as he clenches my sleep in his fist
then melts back into the shadows
leaving me wide-eyed with terror.
He ripped away
my children
my family
my friends
with innuendo
isolation
bribes.
He says that I am unstable
and they believe him.
Perhaps I am –
Now.

Copyright © 2006 Deborah J. Hunter

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